Who was Edward Wilson?
Edward Wilson 1872 – 1912
Edward Adrian Wilson (MB) graduated from St George’s Hospital Medical School in 1900. Respected as a talented artist, zoologist, and ornithologist, he was also surgeon for the British Antarctic Expedition during 1901-04 with Captain Robert Scott.
He became Chief Scientific Officer for Scott’s ill-fated Antarctic Expedition during 1910-12. The team, which consisted of Scott, Wilson, Bowers, Oates and Evans reached the South Pole on 18th January 1912.
However, none of them made it back, with Evans succumbing to a brain injury likely sustained in a fall, and Oates, self-sacrificing for the common good as a result of frostbite-induced gangrene.
Scott, Wilson and Bowers died on 29th March 1912 of cold and starvation. An exceptionally heavy blizzard had stopped them just 11 miles short of the “one ton” food depot which could have saved their lives. The scientific specimens and samples they had taken, together with their diary entries (all of which were of significant interest to the medical and scientific establishment, as well as the British public at large) were found by a search party, who subsequently buried the men.